Lavrska Street, 15, Kiev, Kyiv city, Ukraine, 01015
The first stop on our journey - the Orthodox Monastery of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. It is the oldest and one of the most important monasteries in Russia. The complex of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra includes a complex of religious buildings and caves.. History of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra began in 1051, when a monk Antony settled in these places, dug in on a hillside cave. He was soon joined by like-minded people who have started to widen the caves, and later, when the underground not house all brothers - to construct overground buildings. It comes from the caves and the name of the monastery, and the "laurel" - a status that received large and influential monasteries. Since the seventies the eleventh century monastery intensive construction, were built Assumption Cathedral, Trinity Church and refectory. It was founded the first printing house in Russia.. The greatest interest in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra caves are. It is a system of underground corridors, consisting of two parts - Near and Far. Length of the Near Caves - 383 meters, Far - 293 meters. First, in caves inhabited by monks who dedicated their lives to prayer. Later it began to bury dead settlers monastery. In the Near and Far Caves Monastery are the relics of the saints, as the abbey and burial lay there, for example, the tomb of Peter Stolypin.. On the territory of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra are many churches and museums. Today the Reserve Kiev-Pechersk Lavra - the largest museum complex in Ukraine, which occupies the territory of 23 hectares, where it is concentrated 144 buildings and structures, 122 of whom - the monuments of history and culture.. This unique monastery complex, included in the UNESCO World Culture Heritage. More than 43 million tourists from all over the world have visited its territory during its existence..