We start our journey from Plaza Catalunya - one of the most popular areas of Barcelona. Here begins Barcelona. This is the heart of the city, a place of rest and demonstrations, visits and in-line skating. Here the old and the new converge in Barcelona, three subway lines intersect, start and end with many bus routes. It is in this area start all sightseeing bus tours around the city. The area covers more than fifty square meters. It is located between the Old Town and the district of Eixample. It originated two of the most famous streets of Barcelona. One of them - Las Ramblas leading to the sea. Along it are cozy cafes, restaurants, hotels, museums and opera house. Second Street - Paseo de Gracia, where all the masterpieces of modern architecture of the city.. Until the middle of the XIX century Plaça Catalunya was just a village countryside outside the city walls. Only after permission from the city authorities were ruined walls of the old town, the area began construction of new neighborhoods. The square was completed in 1888 but then rebuilt several times..
Columbus Monument in front of you, set on square Portal de la Pau. The monument was built for the World Exhibition in 1888 and is located in the place where Columbus returned from his first voyage to America. The monument is a reminder that Columbus first visited the Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand II in Barcelona.. In the plate-base of the monument is encased 8 reliefs with the arms of Spanish provinces visited by the explorer and the main scenes from his first voyage to America. At the top of the column is a small observation platform, which can be reached by elevator located inside the column. It offers a truly stunning view of the city and the sea..
We are now near the Maritime Museum, which is one of the most popular museums in Barcelona among tourists. It was organized in 1929 for the opening of the World Expo. In 1931, the museum opened a special library.. Museum rooms contain a number of interesting exhibits depicting the history of the development of marine navigation and maritime affairs: from the simple fishing boats and sailboats finishing with majestic, from the first marine ships to modern sea liners plying the Mediterranean.. The main exhibit of the museum - a giant copy of the military commander of the Spanish galleon XVI century Don Juan Astriyskogo. Galleon known for his participation in the battle against the Spanish Christians Muslim Turkey at Lepanto.. Also at the Maritime Museum you can see the ship itself Magellan - Santa Maria de la Victoria, which committed the world's first voyage around the world. Among other exhibits of the museum - the captain's cabin and cockpit sailors, diving equipment, a collection of tools for marine navigation and old sea charts all over the world. The museum has collected about 2,000 documents, the oldest of which date back to the XV century..
Here is a Joan Miro Foundation - Museum of Contemporary Art. It was founded June 10, 1975, in a room designed by a friend of the great Catalan artist - Josep Lewis Serta. Joan Miró is one of the most exciting Spanish avant-garde of the XX century, whose life and work are inextricably linked with Barcelona. Miro, Dali and how working in the genre of Surrealism, was the real pride of Catalonia. The museum features more than 14,000 works of Joan Miro, including both early and widely known works, including 217 paintings, 178 sculptures, ten thousand drawings, ceramics and textiles. In addition to the Foundation Miro exhibits works of many other contemporary and avant-garde artists such as Marcel Duchamp's Dadaist cult. The Fund has constantly held various exhibitions of contemporary art.. In 2002 the building of the museum has received a quarter-award of the American Institute of Architecture..
Olympic stadium named Lewis Companys. It was built in 1927 for the international exhibition. It was named after Lewis Companys, - the president of Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War. In 1936, the stadium had to spend the first People's Olympics, as an alternative to the Olympic Games, organized by the Nazis in Berlin, but it was canceled due to the civil war had broken out in Spain.. In the fifties, the stadium was the central venue for the Mediterranean Games, and in the seventies was practically abandoned and gradually destroyed. In 1992, the stadium was renovated for the Summer Olympic Games 1992, held in Barcelona.. Today it is a venue for a variety of events - from the battles of football competitions and ending with fire and police. It also hosts concerts of world stars. Currently, the Olympic Stadium - one of the few football stadiums in Europe, which is awarded 5 stars for the qualification of UEFA..
Here is Pueblo Espanol, which means Spanish village - an architectural open-air museum on the area in the forty-two thousand square meters. This is an amazing complex of one hundred and seventeen buildings, which are copies of the most beautiful and famous buildings of Spanish architecture in full or slightly reduced value, belonging to different epochs.. For example, Gates Pueblo Espanol - a copy of the medieval city gates of the city of San Vicente Avila. Spanish village main square - Plaza Mayor - a collective image of the center's main square, many Spanish towns. It is surrounded by buildings originating from Aragon, Burgos, Navarre, Soria, Castile, Catalonia and Teruelya. Also in the Spanish village you can find a copy of the Town Hall Valderrobles, stairs from the famous Santiago de Compostela, surrounded by the Galician houses. Each street is dedicated to buildings of a particular region. In Pueblo Espanol can try yourself as a budding artisan. Among the crafts to which you can join, you can call the blowing of glass products, manufacture of clay pots, face painting ceramic tiles.. By visiting Pueblo Espanol, you just a couple of hours without leaving the Barcelona visit almost every corner of Spain.
You and I are at the foot of Montjuic, which is the National Palace, built for the International Exhibition of 1929. In the palace houses the National Art Museum of Catalonia - Barcelona's main museum, created in 1990 through the merger of the collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of Art of Catalonia. National Art Museum of Catalonia is the most important center of Romanesque art. His collection of Romanesque considered one of the most complete in the world. The museum's collections consist of about 236,000 works and covers ancient history of Catalan, Spanish and European art from the Romanesque art, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods - up to the mid-twentieth century. The museum gravure work department and the department of Catalan coins, which are coins, medals and paper money from the VI century BC to the present day, as well as a library of art history. In 1996, the department was created pictures.. In addition to exhibition activities in a permanent and changing exhibitions the museum is engaged in the restoration and conservation works.. Located in front of the museum is another attraction of Barcelona - Magic Fountain of Montjuic. It is the largest decorative fountain in Barcelona. It was built in 1929 for the World exhibition, held in Barcelona. The project is a fountain designed by the engineer and architect Carlos Buigasom. More than 3,000 workers have realized an ambitious project to life just over a year.. Magic Fountain - an amazing sight. Circle of light, music, movement and flow of water - all combined in sequence, creating a sense of magic. It was the world's first fountain, where water, light and music are synchronized in a single show. Since then, he continues to be one of the most popular attractions of Barcelona.. Every year at the end of September the large-scale show with fireworks and concerts..
We are located at the Plaza of Spain - one of the most important sights of the Catalan capital. It was built for the International Exhibition of 1929. With an area of 34,000 square meters, is the second largest in Spain after the Spanish in Madrid and the second largest after the Plaça Catalunya in Barcelona. On the sides of the square are two Venetian tower height of 47 meters, due to which it is possible to find a place from afar. Plaza de España is an important transportation hub city. It connects several major streets and leads to the National Palace, which houses one of the finest museums in Catalonia - The National Art Museum of Catalonia..
Before you Sants - the main station of the city, serving not only suburban, but also long-distance trains. Through the station that connects the rest of Spain with neighboring France, is most trains Catalonia. The current station building was built in the seventies of the last century to serve the first regional line passing through the center of Barcelona, but later became the main Sants station of the city, surpassing the Station de Franca. Not so long ago, he was upgraded to high-speed trains could take AVE, cruising in Spain since 2008. The station was built in a modern style, and the airport is located, with all its numerous platforms under. However, most of floors above ground is a four star hotel "Barcelo Sants.".
Now before you see a legendary Camp Nou stadium - the most famous building in Barcelona. It is not only the home arena of FC "Barcelona", which is associated worldwide Catalonia, but also the largest stadium in Spain and across Europe with a capacity of 99,000 spectators. This is one of the few European arenas, which awarded five-star status by category FIFA.. There is a museum of FC "Barcelona", opened September 24, 1984. The museum includes a collection of photographs, documents and trophies, as well as a detailed history of the club on the interactive glass wall, equipped with laser technology, allowing you to watch videos, pictures and listen to music with the help of user reviews.. Here are all the awards won by the famous team, including the European Cup, which is the "Barcelona" won at Wembley, the final of which for ever written in the history of world football. Of the trophies Barcelona football club is also presented the Cup Winners' Cup, which the team has won four times and the UEFA Cup, which is the "Barcelona" won three times. The only trophy "Barcelona", not included in the collection of the museum - the Intercontinental Cup.. A place of honor in the museum of the club - twenty-four marks of the victories in the Royal Cup.. One of the exhibits in the collection are the shoes, in which Ronald Koeman scored the winning goal with a penalty kick in the 1992 Champions League final for the twenty-first minute of extra-time goal in the team, "Sampdoria".. Museum of FC "Barcelona" attracts 1.2 million visitors a year, being the most visited museum in Barcelona after the Picasso Museum..
Here is a house of Casa Batlló - one of the most extraordinary works of the architect Antonio Gaudi.. The locals call the building "House of Bones". A nickname earned a masterpiece of modern architecture is not just. It really looks like a skeleton structure. The balconies of the building has the shape of the skull, and columns - a form of bone. The house was built in 1877 for the textile magnate Josep Batlló. In 1904, the owner of the building wanted to tear it down and rebuild a new, commissioned work on the project Gaudi. However, the master kept the side walls, completely changing both the facade of the building, ground floor and first floor. The stepped roof terrace, basement, attic and patio also appeared at this time.. Silhouette of the roof of Casa Batlló resembles a curved back dragon. The dragon is found in many works of Gaudi and is considered his favorite character. One of the towers of the famous house Batlló crowned George Cross and is believed to symbolize the spear of St. George, the dragon in the back vonzennoe. St. George is the patron saint of Catalonia, which according to legend, killed a dragon with a spear.. Casa Batlló is one of the sights of Barcelona is definitely worthy of a visit. On a par with several other works of Gaudi, the building is included in the UNESCO Heritage List.
Ahead you see the Arc de Triomphe in Barcelona. She shares the Paseo de Luis Kompanus and Paseo de San Juan. The arch was built in 1888 for the World Expo, and served as its grand entrance. The main exhibits of the exhibition then turned around in the park of the Citadel. Arch erected by architect Josep Vilaseca in Moorish style of red brick.. At the top of the Arc de Triomphe is seen Spanish coat of arms, and the lower elevations of the structure on the arcs are placed emblems of all the provinces of the state. Also arch decorated with several original compositions. The frieze adorned the facade sculpture titled "Barcelona welcomes the nations" on the back - a sculpture of Joseph Lemon "Reward", and on the sides of the arch is a sculptural composition "Allegory of agriculture and industry," and "Trade and the arts.". Boulevard Louis Kompanosa, stretching from the arch to the Ciutadella Park, a stunningly beautiful place, where every detail is noteworthy..
On the left you can see the Citadel Park. It was opened in the middle of the XIX century and for several decades was the only green space in the city. Today in the Park of the Citadel are several museums, a zoo of Barcelona, an artificial lake, Castle of the Three Dragons, as well as the building of the Parliament of Catalonia.. In the northern corner of the park is the most impressive of its construction - a monumental fountain cascade, made in classic style and decorated with magnificent sculptural ensemble Quadriga Aurora, cast in bronze, as well as various sea creatures and mythical. It was first opened in 1881, the sculpture without exposure, but over the next six years was brought to the modern species, and in 1888 he was presented at the World's Fair..