Royal Castle, Warsaw
Podwale 1, Warsaw, Poland
Royal Castle is one of the most visited museums in Warsaw. The building is a reconstruction of the ensemble, which was completely destroyed during the Second World War. In the thirteenth century there was a wooden fortress, then in its place built a palace, around which eventually grew old town. After the transfer of the capital of Poland from Krakow to Warsaw in 1596, the castle became the official royal residence. Here commemorative constitution was adopted in 1791. After Poland regained independence in 1918, worked here the president of Poland. During the Second World War the palace was almost completely destroyed, but in the seventies it was rebuilt. Here were placed rescued hundreds of paintings and sculptures, as well as numerous works of art. Today, the castle is an art museum where you can see the collection of carpets and coins, see Rembrandt and Matejko, paintings, which depict the old kinds of Warsaw brush Bellotto, and the urn containing the ashes of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. You can visit the palace rooms, room Senate Hall of the Diet and the royal chambers, the Chamber of Deputies, the Palace Chapel, Assembly Hall, National and throne rooms, and room paintings by Canaletto. Should definitely visit the Marble room, where hung portraits of Polish kings Marcello Bocharelli brush, as well as Knight's room. 11:15 In front of the castle is going to a lot of people to hear the trumpeter of the clock tower that welcomes all in the Old Town. From time to time in the Royal Palace hosts concerts and theater performances, in the style of the eighteenth - nineteenth centuries. This castle was once famous for its ghosts. In 1659, the superstitious Sigismund Augustus was the ghost of his prematurely deceased beloved wife Barbara. In 1772, Stanislaw Poniatowski, a glimpse of the "white lady" who brought bad news on the first partition of Poland. Once again, the ghost appeared to him in 1794, when Suvorov stormed the eastern outskirts of the capital. White figure in one of the eastern windows predicted the collapse of the country and the impending death of the king. Fond of the castle and alchemy. During the time of Augustus II of Saxony here trying to make gold using famous alchemist Jan Böttger.