Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheater - the most famous and one of the great buildings of the ancient world that have survived to our time. Its construction began in the seventy-second year of the AD under the emperor Vespasian. The name "Flavian Amphitheatre" this magnificent stadium was named after the ancient three representatives of the Flavian dynasty, participating in its construction. At the beginning of its history, the Coliseum has served the citizens principal place of entertainment events. There were gladiatorial fights were held water battle, baiting wild animals. When Emperor Macrinus two hundred seventeenth year of the Colosseum was badly damaged by fire, but was restored by decree of Alexander Severus. In the four hundred fifth year of the Emperor Honorius banned organize gladiatorial combat in the Colosseum, which is not consistent with the principles of non-violence dominant at the time of the Christian religion in the empire. Later, having survived the barbarian invasions, the Coliseum started to fall into disrepair.. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries amphitheater served as a fortress for the noble Roman families. The last of these (Annibaldi) had to give way to the Colosseum Emperor Henry the seventh, who gave it to the Roman senate and people of. For a time in the Coliseum were trying to revive the tradition of past amusements, arranging for its arena from time to time bullfights. In 1349, a powerful earthquake in Rome, the Colosseum was the cause of the collapse, in particular, the southern part. After that, it began to look as a source of obtaining a building material, and not just fallen off, but the purpose of the broken stones he began to go to the new facilities. Thus, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Pope Paul the second took from him the material for the construction of the so-called Venetian palace, Cardinal Riario - Palace Office, Paul third - Palazzo Farnese. Another two popes - Pope Sixtus the fifth and ninth Clement tried to establish in the premises Coliseum production of cloth and nitrate, respectively.. Only Pope Benedict fourteenth showed more respect for the ancient monument. In honor of those killed in the arena of many Christian martyrs, he ordered to make a Coliseum church altars of which remained in the amphitheater until 1874. All other supported Pope Benedict XIV fine tradition of taking care of the Coliseum.. Since then, centuries have passed. Period of forgetting the Coliseum had 15 centuries, the restoration took 8 years. Nineteenth-July, two thousand new Flavian Amphitheatre revealed himself admiring gaze of the public. Today, the scene of his spectacular performances go again, but not gladiator fights and colorful theatrical shows. Seventh of July two thousand and seven Coliseum is recognized as one of the Seven New Wonders of the World..