Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence
Via Dè Ginori, 2, 50123 Florence, Italy
Basilica of San Lorenzo - one of the oldest churches in the city. It was built three hundred and ninety-third year on the orders of the Archbishop of Milan's San Ambrogio in honor of St. Lawrence and the first archbishop of Florence Saint Zenobius. The relics of Saint Zenobius for three centuries from the fourth to the seventh century were the walls of the Basilica , and that's when San Lorenzo was the Florence Cathedral. In the eleventh century the church was reconstructed in the Romanesque style. In the fifteenth century, the basilica was again rebuilt by the famous architect Brunelleschi commissioned by Cosimo de 'Medici , bringing to the basilica was added Old Sacristy. Later on the project by Michelangelo on the other side of the transept was added to the New Sacristy of the tomb of Lorenzo and Giuliano de 'Medici, as well as built Laurentian Library. In the seventeenth century the church was attached chapel princes with a large dome .. An interesting fact is that the facade of the church of San Lorenzo and has not been renewed. According to historians , the cause of unfinished construction work was disagreement between Pope Leo the Tenth Medici and Michelangelo relatively facade cladding .. The main value of the Basilica of San Lorenzo de 'Medici is a cappella , which are sarcophagi , including almost all of the Medici family - the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Special attention is given room Laurentian Library , which was built in 1524 on the south side of the Basilica of San Lorenzo project Michelangelo, who was also the author of some interior parts library - a monumental staircase , windows and benches in the reading room. Laurentian Library was opened in 1571. The basis of her collection with the collection of Cosimo de 'Medici the Elder, which is considerably enriched through the First Lorenzo de' Medici. It is in honor of Lorenzo library got its name. Today, the collection of the Laurentian has about 150,000 volumes , about 11,000 manuscripts and more than two thousand papyri ..