Port of Hamburg - one of the business cards of the city. It is the largest port in Germany and the second largest seaport in Europe. Today the port, which has more than eight hundred years, it takes a tenth of the total area of Hamburg. Every year it becomes a parking for more than thirteen thousand ships from around the world. Despite a hundred kilometers separating Hamburg from the North Sea, the Elbe estuary is quite adapted to large shipping, so the city port can get even the huge ships and ocean liners. In the waters of the port you can take a tour on the barge, admire the grand ocean liners and huge floating docks. Be sure to visit one of the twenty ships refurbished museum harbor, including the freighter "Cap San Diego" and sailing museum "Rickmer Rickmers". Annually the first weekend of May, the Port of Hamburg leads tourists and residents colorful spectacle of a special kind - celebrated Birthday harbor. This festival is celebrated for more than eight centuries - from 1189, when the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa granted Hamburg important privileges of navigation and trade, which put the city on a par with the major ports of the world.
"Miniatur Wunderland" - the world's largest toy model railroad, which invites its visitors to travel across countries and continents. Here are the thumbnails of European and American cities, airports, motorways and much more in an area the size of half a football field. "Miniature Wonderland" was conceived and modeled by two twin brothers - owners Frederick and Gerrit Braun. In 2001, visitors were opened the first three sections of the railway: the Harz Mountains in northern Germany, the brothers invented city Knuffingen and Austrian Alps. Today in "Wonderland" - eight geographical sections, more than a thousand trains, hundreds of thousands of lights, hundreds of thousands of trees and hundreds of thousands of human figures. Here in Hamburg and its port bordering the Grand Canyon and a huge bridge on wooden poles by which carries its passengers vintage train. Section of the exhibition, which reproduces America, welcomes visitors for a tour of the United States - in the Everglades National Park, the gambling capital of Las Vegas and the Rocky Mountains. Between Europe and America on a huge reservoir of water volume thirty thousand liters of cargo ships cruising and cruise ships. After seeing the skyscrapers of New York, you can go to Scandinavia, where Pippi Longstocking and the family of mountain trolls. Next stop - the fictional town Knuffingen, which travel through the streets of trucks and cars. On the main square Knuffingena passes a rock concert, fire brigade rushes to the burning house, close to the beach waves beat miniature Atlantic, and in the new section "Wonderland" - Knuffingen airport - take off and land aircraft. Exposition center is undoubtedly the magnificent layout of Hamburg. The museum Admire dramatizations of ordinary human life. Here people go to work, watching football games, play sports, and even commit crimes. "Miniatur" steadily increasing. By 2020, the creators of the museum promises to supplement it with new sections, such as France, Italy and the United Kingdom.
Museum of spices in Hamburg is the only such museum in Europe. It was founded in 1993 and located in the largest port warehouse complex world - Speicherstadt. There are more than 900 artifacts from the 500 -year history. A significant part of the exhibition devoted to the most Tabasco - red pepper. You can not only see more than fifty varieties of pepper, but taste them. Besides the museum presents pepper and other spices, including rosemary, clove, cinnamon, turmeric, mustard seeds, nutmeg and many others. Here you can also get a complete production cycle condiments - from growing them before drying, processing, storage and use, as well as to methods for their preparation. The museum features modern technological devices, as well as old tools and equipment for the production of spices. In addition, there is a rich collection of essential oils in the vials, which were immediately can smell. Separate exhibition devoted to the most expensive spice in the world - saffron and vanilla orchid.
HafenCity - is the youngest district of Hamburg, who grew up on the site of the old port. Removed from Town Hall Square just eight meters, he is completely surrounded by the river and canals. HafenCity - an architectural design for the future, with houses overhanging the water and with the interconnecting bridges. Currently it is one of the largest urban development projects in Europe, where on-site warehouses and port facilities are built ultra-modern futuristic buildings of glass and concrete - houses, offices, shops, restaurants, museums and cultural centers. The only thing that has not changed in this area - this is the famous nineteenth-century industrial complex Speicherstadt in grand warehouses which today are museums and galleries of contemporary art. New neighborhood today is positioned as the quarter of the rich. By 2020 HafenCity must earn as a full district of Hamburg.
Automobile Museum "Prototype" is located in a former factory building in the last century. On three floors, a unique collection of German sports and racing cars of the postwar period, many of which are designed and assembled in a single copy. The idea of creating a "prototype" is owned by engineer Thomas Koenig and Oliver Schmidt, who for many years collecting and refurbishing the legendary cars from different eras of racing. The very same museum is very young. It was opened only in 2008. In addition to sports cars of the forties, fifties and sixties of the last century, the museum presents more modern models - Porsche and Audi. But the pride of the local exposure is considered to be the car, "Formula 1". Legendary "Jordan 191" - the first racing car in the history of the team, "Jordan", which debuted in 1991, the famous racing driver, seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher. After visiting the museum, offering everyone to go to a special booth where you can hear the roar of engines of different models of racing cars. The museum has a shop that sells miniature models of racing cars.
Hamburg Central Station was built in 1906 and is considered one of the best examples of urban architecture at the turn of the centuries. Hence feedback as most intercity and international trains. Station connected to the metro. Traversed by all branches of the underground and trains. Every 15 - 20 minutes from here sent special buses to the airport of Hamburg. Here begin their tour buses route.
Kunsthalle - this is one of the largest and most important art museums in Germany and across Europe. It was created on the initiative of local residents in 1869 on the site of the once protected the city ramparts. The museum is housed in three interconnected buildings, built in 1869, 1919 and 1997. Kunsthalle covers an area of more than twenty thousand square meters and contains a collection of paintings from the Gothic era to the present day. Here are stored significant collection of artists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Among them are works by Max Liebermann, Adolph Menzel, Andy Warhol, Pablo Picasso, Otto Dix and many other famous artists. In addition, the museum presents a huge number of sculptures belonging to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as graphics, watercolors, antique coins and medals from the Renaissance to the present. The exhibition includes all areas of European art. In the Spotlight - German art of the twentieth century. Here you can see stunning works Mare, Feuerbach and Bocklin. Particular attention is paid to German Romanticism of the nineteenth century, including the works of Friedrich and Runge. One of the most important exhibits of the museum is the altarpiece, painted the first artist in Hamburg and a leading German painter of the fourteenth century master Bertram. The painting was done in 1337 for the church of St. Peter. Panels depict biblical scenes 24 character telling the story of humanity. The most interesting panel tells of the creation of animals. It depicts the figure of primitive man resembling Christ, surrounded by animals.
Alster Lake - a real pride for people from Hamburg, massive place of citizens and one of the main attractions of the city, attracting tourists. This picturesque artificial lake in the center of the historic Hamburg was founded in 1190 on the orders of Count Adolf III and is divided into Inner and Outer Alster. Along the Inner Alster, the center of which a fountain, located luxury hotels and boutiques. In fact, the lake inhabited by swans and many ducks and geese. And around the Outer Alster broken beautiful park of the same name. People come here to relax and enjoy the fresh air from all over Hamburg. Laid around the lake so-called "path of health" 7-km long. Citizens love to spend time here - to walk and exercise. And to live with lake dream of every resident of the city. However, boasting a luxurious mansion on the banks of the Alster are only the local rich, owning villas with magnificent gardens around the perimeter, known as Millionaires Coast.
Hamburg School of Music and Theatre is one of the largest higher education institutions in Germany music. It was founded in 1950 as the State Higher School of Music on the basis of former private school of acting Anne Marie Roque Marx and Edward Marx. A first of its head was a famous composer Philip Yarnah. The main building of the school, located in a villa Budge - Palais, built in 1884 by architect Martin Haller. Since 1903, the villa was the residence of Henry and Emma Budge, then from 1938 to 1945 the building was the headquarters of the Governor Charles Kaufmann, and in 1959 the building became the property of the Hamburg Higher School of Music and Theatre. Schooling is carried out on such specialties as instrumental music, church music, jazz and pop music, singing, acting, directing, music pedagogy, cultural management and the media, chamber music, drama, music therapy, all kinds musical instruments, composition, conducting. In Hamburg Higher School of Music and Theatre work or engaged in research activities representatives from fifty countries. Among teachers in different years were well-known musicians - Ligeti, Alfred Schnittke, David Geringas.
Hamburg Museum of Ethnography is one of the largest ethnographic museums in Europe. It was founded in 1879 by businessmen Hamburg -based small ethnographic collection. Today museum's collection includes three hundred fifty thousand exhibits from all parts of the world, as well as about four hundred thousand historical and ethnographic photographs depicting the history of art and culture of different nations. In the collection there are exhibits from Africa, America, Australia, Europe, Indonesia and the South Seas. The museum often hosts numerous events such as open discussions, festivals, film screenings, lectures, making it a living center of the intersection of different cultures. In the rooms of the museum regularly Fair peoples, where you can purchase products manufactured here skilled craftsman from different countries, and even watch the process of making them.
Botanical Garden was founded in Hamburg in 1821. Its founder is considered to Professor Johan Lehmann. At first, the garden was a private property of professor, but in 1857 moved to the city property, and it was opened to the public. It was created by a large herbarium, a botanical museum, laboratories, departments and protection of plant propagation. In the garden, public lectures, and then opened a gymnasium, and in 1919 - the university. Today, the garden occupies a huge area the size of 24 hectares, where proizrostaet eighteen thousands of plant species. Here you can see classic Japanese garden created with the support of botanists from Japan. Nearby is a typical Chinese garden with a miniature bridge over the artificial pond. There in the park and rock garden, which shows the mountain areas of Europe : the Alps, the Carpathians and the Balkans. Another interesting idea of landscape designers - peasant garden, where neat flat beds grow medicinal herbs, spices, vegetables and old varieties of garden flowers. There is even a small garden, where you can see the plants described in the Bible. This exhibition was created with the support of experts in Jerusalem. In a small house, which was built with the help of the Society of Friends of the Botanical Garden, equipped classroom where you can discuss what they saw after the tour.
Jungfernstieg - famous shopping street of the historic Hamburg, located on the southern shore of the Inner Alster. One of the oldest streets in the city its name, which translates from German as "Maiden's Path", from the fact that earlier in her family walked representative, bringing to show their unmarried daughters. Today, here along the waterfront on the Alster Lake settled expensive shops and boutiques, among them - a fashionable shopping center "Alsterhaus" with luxury clothing, perfume and cosmetics, as well as shopping malls, famous throughout Europe such as the "Gallery", "Karstadt" "Goose market", and "Old Post Office". Here is the passage "Europe" - a real kingdom shopping, located on five floors. For several years, it is one of the most visited places in Hamburg. Combining the elegant expensive shops and unique views of the water on the Alster Lake Jungfernstieg is a favorite place for townspeople and visitors alike. There is also a pier from which depart pleasure boats plying on both the Alster Lake. Winter if hard frosts occur, the inner Alster turns into a city skating rink. Besides Jungfernstieg - is also a business center and largest in Hamburg multilevel transport hub for underground and city railway.
Hamburg Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Germany. It was founded in 1558. First transaction were held outdoors, then in a building near this place, which was destroyed in a fire in 1842. The present elegant building was erected in Exchange 1884 and completed in 1912.
Town Hall Square - the heart of Hamburg and one of its main attractions. This year-round hosts many festivals and special events. It is located in the heart of Hamburg, among the most popular shopping streets. On the square is the town hall - one of the most prominent buildings of the city, popular with tourists and locals. It is a kind of hallmark of Hamburg. The Town Hall was built in 1897 on the site of the old, destroyed by fire, becoming one of the biggest in Europe. Here sit higher authorities - the city administration and the Senate. Town Hall is a beautiful majestic building, decorated twenty statues of emperors and kings - from Charlemagne to Franz II, and crowned its baroque tower of 112 meters. The interior of the town hall impresses with its luxury. The building is equipped with 647 rooms, richly decorated with wood and gold. Especially notable grand hall Kaiser rare leather wallpaper. In one of the halls of City Hall kept a huge Golden Book, where they left their autographs celebrities such as Bismarck, Charles de Gaulle, Princess Diana and Queen Elizabeth. In the courtyard of the town hall is a fountain - a symbol of victory over the cholera epidemic in 1892, and bronze tablets list the names of all the mayors of Hamburg from 1264 to 1912. In summer there are concerts of classical music.
St. Michael's Church - is the main Protestant church in Hamburg and one of the most significant architectural structures in Germany, which is the main symbol of the city. Temple in the late Baroque style, dedicated to the Archangel Michael, also known as the "Great Michael". The church is one of the main landmarks of the city. Once its tower served as a beacon for arriving ships in the Port of Hamburg. The first church in the Gothic style was built on this place in 1669. However, in 1750 as a result of a lightning strike is completely burned. The second church, built in 1762, was destroyed by another fire in 1906. In 1912 it was restored to the old drawings. During the Second World War, the church was destroyed again, moreover destroyed the largest organ in the world which once played the son of Johann Sebastian Bach. The present church of St. Michael is a vivid example of structures built at the junction of two eras - Baroque and Classicism. Above the main portal of the temple has a large bronze statue of the Archangel Michael defeating the devil. Steeple of the church of St. Michael, having a height 132 meters, is the second highest in Hamburg. At an altitude of 106 meters is an observation platform, which can be reached by lift or on foot, breaking the 453 level. The clock on the bell tower - the largest in Germany. Their diameter is eight meters. Length big arrow - almost five meters, a little - more than three and a half meters. Weight of each hand - about a hundred and thirty pounds. In 2008, the image of St. Michael Church in Hamburg was placed on the reverse of the commemorative 2 euro coin from the series "States of Germany" as a symbol of the federal state of Hamburg.
Reeperbahn - a famous center of Hamburg's nightlife and its "red light district". Stretching almost a kilometer, this street with all kinds of entertainers received informal name "sinful mile". Every evening she attracts thousands of tourists and locals for its many bars, nightclubs, vaudeville, striptease shows and sex shops. Once it was just a craft street. In the early sixteenth century here in the immediate vicinity of the port of Hamburg, located manufactory, where ropes were made for sailing ships. First places of entertainment came here in the early nineteenth century. Sailors went down to the shore after a long voyage, looking for fun and entertainment here. In addition to beer and brothels, on the street began to emerge and theaters, the first of which opened in 1840. In the seventies there were several sex theaters, but now there was only one - "Safari". One of the most famous attractions in Hamburg "red light district" is the largest police department in Hamburg - Davidvahe, often appearing in the German crime films. It is located on the same street Davidshtrasse. It is also the only street in the city, where at certain times of the day street prostitution is officially permitted. It adjoins the street Davidshtrasse Herbertshtrasse famous street where neon windows sit representatives of the oldest profession. On this street are allowed to enter only men who have attained the age of eighteen. Grosse Freiheit street, also adjacent to Davidshtrasse besides bars and clubs, there is a building of the Catholic Church. Once this street was the only place in the Protestant Hamburg, where Catholics officially allowed to conduct services. Atmosphere of freedom and revelry Reeperbahn made attractive for musicians. It is in the Reeperbahn clubs began musical career of the legendary group "The Beatles." John Lennon once said: " Although I was born in Liverpool, but I grew in Hamburg."In at number 39 on the street Grosse Freiheit was not survived to our times"Star -Club" in which April 13, 1962 began touring overseas groups. Today, on this street is a memorial plaque and the area at the intersection of the Reeperbahn and Grosse Freiheit called " Beatles Platz." Today, as a half -century ago, the Reeperbahn is also a world-famous theater center. To this day there remained several popular theaters, among which Operetta Theatre, which for many years were Broadway musicals "Cats" and "Mamma Mia" ; one of the oldest theaters in Hamburg "Sankt Pauli", as well as the famous variety theater " Schmidt Tivoli."
Museum "Panopticon" - the oldest wax museum in Germany. It was opened in 1879 and is still a popular destination for locals and tourists. First time here exhibited wax figures of people were implicated in some kind of scandalous affairs, such as fraudulent mayors with appropriate signatures or criminals. Today, the museum except for one hundred and twenty Wax celebrities, including Einstein, Stalin, Roosevelt, Hitler, Princess Diana, Goethe and Schiller, and has a unique anatomical hall, where the wax models of various human organs, stage of disease and even a collection of glass eyes. Wax Museum Panopticon was and remains a family business, in which the creator of the figures until the death of its owner was Herman Ferber.