Place Charles de Gaulle, Paris
135 Champs-Élysées, 75008 Paris, France
Place Charles de Gaulle (formerly Square Stars) - one of the busiest areas of the French capital.. The appearance of the area did not appear in any urban development project, but the construction of the palace of the Tuileries Gardens and the eponymous demanded registration of a residence worthy of kings. So well-known seventeenth-century landscape architect André Le Nôtre paved avenue (now the famous Champs-Elysées), which ended with a round area, and from it in different directions diverged five roads, so it got its original name Star Square.. The final form of the area acquired in 1854 when on a plan of the prefect of Paris of Baron Haussmann to five streets converge here, it added seven. All the avenues leading to the Arc de Triomphe, named in honor of the marshals of France, or in honor of the victories of the French arms. The most famous of them - the Champs Elysees, which connects the Etoile and Concorde.. Center of the square is the famous Arc de Triomphe, built in 1836 by architect Jean Shalgrenom by order of Napoleon, the first to commemorate the victories of his Grande Armée. On the walls are engraved the names of the arch hundred twenty-eight battles, won the republican and imperial armies, as well as the names of five hundred fifty-eight French generals. Arch surround the 100 granite pedestals in honor of the "hundred days" of Napoleon, connected by a cast-iron chains. Inside the arch is a small museum dedicated to the history of its construction and the ceremonies that took place under it. At the bottom of the arch is the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, and upstairs - observation deck. Since 1923, under the arch of the eternal flame. Every year on July fourteenth Etoile French President takes military parade. To the arch can be accessed only by underground passages because of heavy traffic, in addition there are no traffic lights and road signs..