Versailles, Paris

Avenue du sud, 78000 Versailles, France

Versailles - Europe's largest palace and park complex, located in the same city, a suburb of Paris. From 1682 to 1789 years before the French Revolution, Versailles was the official royal residence. The palace was built under the direction of "Sun King" - Louis XIV, since 1661. History of the Palace of Versailles begins in 1623, when the father of Louis XIV - Louis XIII built a modest but cozy, hunting pavilion. Subsequently, in this place, in the woods, rose castle - made ​​of stone, brick and slate. Since 1661, "Sun King" began to expand the palace to use it as their permanent residence. He turned it into the largest palace in Europe, where they could simultaneously accommodate 20 thousand people. Ten years later, the palace came a magnificent park. In 1801 Versailles received the status of a museum and opened to the public. In 1979, the Palace of Versailles and the park were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. in 1837 at the Royal Palace Museum opened the history of France. From Versailles linked to many important historical events. In the XVIII century, the palace became a place of signing of many international treaties. In 1789 worked here in the Constituent Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man. And in 1871, after France's defeat in the Franco- Prussian War, the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace, proclaimed the establishment of the German Empire. Here in 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed and proclaimed the end of the First World War. The entire facade of the palace from the garden occupies a large Mirror Gallery - Gallery of Louis XIV, which his paintings, mirrors and columns impresses. Also noteworthy as it battles Gallery, the palace chapel and the Royal Opera House. Main entrance to the palace gates are of iron, decorated with gold lattice, which is crowned with the royal coat of arms and crown. In the northern wing of the palace housed King Large apartment, divided into seven saloons, and in the south - chambers of first ladies. Park Versailles Palace - one of the largest in Europe. It consists of many terraces that drop as the distance from the palace, and is decorated with fountains and numerous sculptures.

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