Sacre Coeur, Paris

5 Parvis du Sacré-Cœur, 75018 Paris, France

Sacre Coeur - one of the most famous symbols of Paris. It is located at the highest point of the city - on top of the Montmartre hill and is visible from almost anywhere in Paris. Basilica named after the Catholic feast of the Sacred Heart of Christ and dedicated to the memory of victims of the Franco-Prussian War. His creation of the temple shall Lezhanti Alexander and Hubert de Fleury. Deciding that befell the French hardships, and above all the defeat of France in the Franco- Prussian War and the defeat of the Paris Commune, were sent to the French for their worldly sins, they made ​​a vow to build a temple that would redeem all sins. This idea was endorsed Archbishop Guibert of Paris, who chose the site for the temple on top of the Montmartre hill, where once met his death the first bishop of Paris St. Dionysius. Construction of the basilica began in 1875, but soon the works were suspended in order to strengthen the soil hill pitted ancient Roman quarries. Construction ended only in 1914, and in 1919 the basilica was consecrated. For the construction of the basilica was chosen stone produced in the town of Château-Landon, near Paris, which in contact with water is covered with white bloom, and that he Sacre Coeur owes its unusually white. Form domes of Sacre Coeur Basilica silhouette repeats XII century Saint-Front in Perigueux in the south of France. Height of the main dome is 83 meters and the height of the bell tower - about 100 meters. One of the bells of the Basilica - "Savoyard", cast in 1895, weighs 19 tons and is the largest in Paris and one of the toughest in the world. Inside the basilica is decorated with stained-glass windows and mosaics on the theme of "Reverence France before the heart of the Lord", made in the years 1912-1922 by the artist Luc -Olivier Merson. In the crypt of the church represented the church relics and there is a statue of Christ with a flaming heart. The main entrance of the cathedral is decorated with bronze statues of King Louis IX and St. Joan of Arc. On the dome of the Basilica, where the observation deck offers stunning views of Paris and its surroundings for a few tens of kilometers around. From a platform in front of the Sacre Coeur can also admire the panorama of the city. To climb to the top of Montmartre, where the Sacre Coeur, you can use the cable car or climb the wide multi-tiered ladder.

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