Charles Bridge - one of the main architectural and historical landmarks of Prague. It is a medieval bridge over the Vltava River, which connects the historic districts of Prague - Mala Strana and Stare Mesto. His predecessor - Judith Bridge, was built in 1172, during the Second Vladislav and his wife, Queen Jutta of Thuringia, after which he got his name. Bridge used at the beginning of the reign of Charles the Fourth, but then because of the trade, public and construction hoisting there is need for a more modern bridge. And after the Judith Bridge in 1342 was almost completely destroyed during the flood, it was decided to build a new one. Remains of Judith Bridge can be seen at the base of the pylon on which stands the Old Tower. Construction of a new bridge began in 1357 on the orders of the Emperor Charles the Fourth, and continued until the early fifteenth century. According to legend, before you start construction, Charles IV asked for help from astrologers. They identified the ideal time (year, day and hour ) to start the construction of the "eternal" bridge. Ruler certain astrologers waited for a favorable moment and laid the first stone. Until today the Charles Bridge did not need major repairs, occasionally there is a need a little restoration.
Originally called bridge Prague, and in 1870 was officially renamed in honor of its founder, Charles the Fourth. Linking the banks of the Vltava bridge has long served for the passage of the kings of the Royal Court in the Castle. With ordinary citizens in a pass or drive over the bridge have been charged. Also on the bridge was carried out fair and jousting tournaments staged. In 1974, Charles Bridge made pedestrian. Today you can see the street artists, musicians, merchants and sellers of paintings of various ornaments and souvenirs.
According to legend, from the Charles Bridge was thrown in a bag in the Czech Republic revered saint John of Nepomuk. In the very place where his body was plunged into the river, above the water glow allegedly seen as 5 stars. Since then, John of Nepomuk is depicted with five stars overhead. Place from which it dumped into the river, noted imbedded in the railing of the bridge and cross the two copper nails close to the cross.
Charles Bridge has a length of 520 meters, width - 10 meters and rests on 16 high arches. On both sides of the bridge towers are installed. East Bridge Tower, built in the late 14th century, serves as the entrance to the Old Town and the Old Town so called. It is considered the most beautiful medieval tower in Europe. On the west side of the bridge there are two towers built at different times. Little was built in the 12th century and was part of a Romanesque fortress defending the approaches to the bridge. After 1591, it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. During the reign of King George of Podebrady in the fifteenth century was laid second, higher tower. Today she arranged a viewing platform and exhibition telling the history of the Charles Bridge. When King Wenceslas IV between the towers were built gates.
In the 17th century the bridge was decorated with a unique gallery of sculptures created by the best artists of the time. A total of 30 bridge sculptures and sculptural groups, primarily religious, most of which were established in the period from 1683 to 1714. There is a belief that if you touch one of the sculptures and make a wish, it will come true. Just wish will come true, if it will make come true love and kiss, standing on the bridge.