Palace of Holyroodhouse
Palace of Holyroodhouse - is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland. The name comes from the Anglo- Scottish distorted "Hali ruid", which means " Holy Cross." On-site complex of buildings of the palace was originally Abbey "Holy Cross", founded in 1128 by King David of Scotland first. According to legend, in 1127 the king while hunting deer with a radiant noticed between the horns of a cross. In honor of the King of the Holy Cross and founded the abbey. It held meetings of the nobility, the coronation and the royal wedding. Already in the late fifteenth century, there were some royal apartments, and in the early sixteenth century King James builds Fourth Renaissance palace adjacent to the abbey. Royal residence moved from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace. In the seventeenth century in the palace are the big building and restoration work, but after the merger in 1707 in England and Scotland united kingdom - Great Britain, the royal residence moved to London. The palace is in decline, the abbey destroyed. Only in 1822, King George the Fourth revives the tradition of visits Holyroodhouse. Palace restored, re- refined and decorated. In the early twentieth century to the visit of George V in the palace appears electricity and central heating. Since 1920, Holyrood Palace became the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland. Queen of Great Britain stops here during her official visits. Here the Queen appoints the First Minister of Scotland and holds royal receptions. In his spare persons visiting royals time, the palace is open to visitors. At Queen Gallery exhibitions of treasures from royal collections. In the Great Gallery, connecting the former apartments of the King and Queen, you can admire a huge collection of portraits of Scottish kings, numbering 110 paintings. Definitely worth a visit extant chambers Mary Stuart - Queen of Scots, who lived in the sixteenth century of Holyroodhouse. Here daggers conspirators stabbed her secretary, Italian Riccio. At the murder scene left an indelible bloodstain that today marked a special sign. For the royal palace of Holyroodhouse and Holyrood Park is located or, as it is called, the royal park landscape with volcanic nature, hills and lakes, as well as the ruins of the chapel of St. Anthony. In the center of the park stands the impressive hill - " Arthur's Seat ", from which, especially in good weather, excellent views of the entire city.