Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - it is the cathedral of Palermo, located on Cathedral Square and is one of the most famous attractions of Sicily.. It was built by the Norman King William the Second in 1186 on the orders of Archbishop Gualtiero Offamilio. Cathedral had become a symbol of the greatness of religious authority. The first church on the site of the present cathedral was built in the fourth century after a local martyr Mamiliana and subsequently destroyed by vandals. Under the Byzantines in the early seventh century in the same place was built a new church in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In the eight hundred and thirty first year of Palermo was captured by the Arabs, who turned in Friday's cathedral mosque.. In 1072 the Normans led by Robert Guiscard and his younger brother Roger took Palermo. On the same day, Friday Mosque was re-consecrated in honor of the Virgin. After moving to Palermo Adelaide Savonskoy, mother of Roger II and regent during his minority, the Cathedral of Palermo is the main thing in Norman Sicily. In 1130 Roger II was crowned in the cathedral as the first monarch of the Kingdom of Sicily. Here were later crowned his successor Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II Wicked Good.. Over the centuries, up until the early nineteenth century, the building of the cathedral was repeatedly subjected to various reconstructions and renovations as a result acquired the features of different eras and architectural styles. Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is known for the unique Sicilian tombs of kings and emperors, in the reign of the kingdom of Sicily which reached its peak. The most famous and revered relic of the cathedral are the relics of St. Rosalia - the patroness of Palermo and all of Sicily. According to legend, in 1176 during an epidemic of plague, Norman girl Rosalia, she vowed to leave the monastery, the Lord has helped the residents of the city. As soon as she made the vows, the plague left the city. Since this period is considered to be the patron Saint Rosalia of Palermo and one of the most respected and revered saints of Italy.. Also in the cathedral of relics or relics of martyrs Agatha, Christina, Ninfa and Olives. Before the seventeenth century, these martyrs venerated as the Protecting Palermo. Also here is kept the relics of Mary Magdalene..