Church of St. Olaf
St. Olaf's Church - one of the most remarkable buildings of Tallinn. It was built on the site of the trading area of the Scandinavian merchants. The earliest mention of the church relate to 1267. According to legend, many centuries ago, the city decided to erect know in Tallinn large church with a tall steeple to be seen foreign merchants, floating on the sea in ships. For such a simple matter agreed to take on an unknown architect, but for his work, he requested 10 barrels of gold. For city officials, this price was too high, and then the master put forward an unusual condition - if citizens know his name, he will not take a penny for his work. When the construction of the temple was nearing completion, the townspeople had sent to the house of the architect spy. Waiting for the night, he crept up to the window and overheard words of a lullaby, sung by the master 's wife to her child : "Sleep, my baby, sleep. Tomorrow Olev dad come home with ten barrels full of gold." And when a mysterious wizard has already established a cross on top of the spire, the townspeople called to him : " Olev ! A cross - then you have banked ". Hearing this, Olev lost his balance and fell down, hit the ground. At the same moment his body stiffened and his mouth frog jumped out and snake crawled. Citizens believe that Olev fell victim to the evil spirit, because without the participation of the dark forces it is impossible to build such a grand structure. The church was consecrated in honor of the Norwegian king Olaf canonized Second approving Christianity in Norway, and people call it the temple of St. Olaf - named master Olev. In the fifteenth - sixteenth centuries the church was thoroughly rebuilt. With a height of 159 meters, it has long been the tallest building in Europe. High church steeple served as a landmark for sailors and merchants attracted to the city. However, due to such a height Olaf church has often been the target of lightning that hit it 8 times, because of the communication which she burned three times. As a result, in 1625 the church spire decided to shorten to 123 meters. Today, the church of St. Olaf enters dvadtsadku the highest temple in the world and is the second tallest structure after the Tallinn TV Tower Tallinn. To render homage to the ancient church, Tallinn authorities adopted an ordinance prohibiting building in downtown skyscrapers above the spire of St. Olaf. The chief ornament of the Church of St. Olaf are Gothic arches stellate in which the intersection of frame creates a sophisticated star-shaped arches geometric pattern. Also worthy of special attention ancient sculptural relief of Saint Olaf, placed behind the altar, and the chapel of the Virgin Mary, attached in the period from 1513 to 1523 on the east side of the church. On the outer wall of the chapel of Mary established symbolic cooker - Cenotaph to commemorate the construction of the chapel initiator Hans Pavels dated 1516 year. On the cenotaph in stone carved images of eight scenes of suffering of Jesus Christ and biblical wisdom carved on the old German language: "The fact that I have given, stay with me. What I speak, lost to me. Let no one thinks too highly of themselves, for human life is elusive, like smoke. " Concluding the tour of the church of St. Olaf, you can climb the spiral staircase, consisting of three hundred stairs to the observation deck and enjoy the view of Tallinn with bird's-eye view.